Vista System Requirements, Upgrade Advisor

May 29, 2020

Many people ask about how much the minimum space Hardisk when installing this windows, that’s it, then what is the minimum Processor speed, or RAM Many people ask about how much the minimum space Hardisk when installing this windows, that’s it, then what is the minimum Processor speed, or RAM (Read Only Memory), and also VGA. On this occasion I summarize about how much minimum spec when installing Windows?

Actually a lot of Windows, not just Windows 8, Windows 7, or the most we know is Windows XP, but there are still some types of Windows again, here are some Windows with its System Requirements:

1. Windows 1.0

System Requirements:
– CGA/Hercules/EGA (or compatible)
– MS-DOS 2.0
– 2 double-sided disk drives or hard drives
– 256 KB Ram

2. Windows 2.0

System Requirements:
– Graphics Adapter card
– One floppy-disk and one hard disk
– Microsoft Mouse is optional
– MS-DOS version 3.0 or earlier
– 512 K RAM

3. Windows 3.1

System Requirements:
– Intel 80286 (or higher) processor
– MS-DOS 3.1 or greater
– 1 MB or more (640K conventional and 256K extended)
– 6.5 MB space hard drive (9 MB recommended)

4. Windows 95

System Requirements:
– Intel 80386 DX CPU
– 4 MB RAM
– 50 MB space hard disk

5. Windows 98

System Requirements:
– 486DX-2/66 MHz or higher processor. (Pentium processor recommended)
– 16 MB of RAM (24MB recommended)
– 500 MB space hard disk
– VGA with or higher resolution
– Microsoft Mouse or pointing device
– CD-ROM or DVD-Rom drive

6. Windows 2000

System Requirements (Windows 2000 Professional):
– 133 MHz or Pentium higher-compatible CPU
– 32 MB RAM (recommended 64 MB)
– 700 megabytes hard disk space (2 GB recommended)
System Requirements (Windows 2000 Server/Advanced Server):
– 133 MHz CPU
– 256 MB RAM (minimum)
– 2 GB hard disk space

7. Windows ME (Millenium Edition)

System Requirements:
– 150 MHz Pentium Processor
– 320 MB Hard drive space
– 32 MB RAM

8. Windows XP

System Requirements:
– Pentium 233 megahertz (MHz) processor or faster (recommended 300 MHz)
– 64 megabytes (MB) (recommended 128 MB)
– Video adapters and monitors with Super VGA (800 x 600) or higher resolutions
– 1.5 gigabytes (GB) of space available on the hard drive
– CD-ROM drive or DVD Drive

9. Windows Vista

System requirements (Vista Capable):
– 800 MHz Processor
– 512 MB RAM
– 32 MB Graphics Memory
– 20 GB Hard disk
– 15 GB free hard disk space

System requirements (Vista Premium Ready):
– 1.0 GHz Processor
– 1 GB RAM
– 128 MB Graphics memory
– 40 GB hard disk
– 15 GB free hard disk space

System requirements (Windows Vista Home Basic)
– 800-megahertz (MHz) 32-bit (x86) processor or 800-MHz 64-bit (x64) processor
– 512 megabytes (MB) of system memory
– DirectX 9-Class graphics card
– 32 MB Graphics memory
– 20-gigabyte (GB) hard disk and 15 GB free space hard drive
– Internal or external DVD drive
– Internet Access capability
– Audio output capability

System requirements (Windows Vista Home Premium, Windows Vista Business,
Windows Vista Enterprise, and Windows Vista Ultimate):
– 1 gigahertz (GHz) 32-bit (x86) processor or 1-GHz 64-bit (x64) processor
– 1 GB RAM
– Windows Aero-capable graphics card
– 128 MB Graphics memory (minimum)
– 40 GB hard disk and has 15 GB free space hard drive
– Internal or external DVD drive
– Internet Access
– Audio Output

10. Windows 7

System Requirements:
– 1 gigahertz (GHz) or faster 32-bit (x86) or 64-bit (x64) processor
– 1 gigabyte (GB) RAM (32-bit) or 2 GB RAM (64-bit)
– 16 GB available hard disk space (32-bit) or 20 GB (64-bit)
– DirectX 9 Graphics device with WDDM 1.0 tau higher driver

11. Windows 8
System Requirements:
– Processor 1 gigahertz (GHz) or faster support for PAE, NX, and SSE2
– 1 gigabyte (GB) (32-bit) or 2 GB (64-bit) RAM

– 16 GB (32-bit) or 20 GB (64-bit) available hard drive space
– Microsoft DirectX 9 Graphics device with WDDM driver graphic card

The explanation above is some of my knowledge of the Windows system requirements, it’s really amazing to go back and see how the system requirements have evolved over time. To think that Windows 1.0 only needed 256 KB RAM while the latest operating system, Windows 8 x64, requires 2 GB of crazy RAM! This makes us wonder, what will be the system requirements for the next Windows operating system?

A few of me for this time, hopefully useful and add to your knowledge.

Microsoft Reveals Their Vision of the Future

May 25, 2020

Since long ago, man’s fantasy of the future has drifted away. As technology was not yet able to do what was imagined, humans shed the imagination into works of fiction and art. But for technology companies like Microsoft, the vision of the future is an essential factor, encouraging them to continue to make innovations.

In October 2011, Microsoft revealed their shadows about the future device and how the device affects human life. Over the last three years, Microsoft has already taken a lot off a wide range of cutting-edge products and services, but the momentum is getting faster after HoloLens was introduced in the official Windows 10 announcement event.

HoloLens is the top Microsoft answer from the popularity of augmented reality utilization. But in the moan, Microsoft formulated HoloLens as the latest in hologram technology. Interestingly, HoloLens is just one of many ways of bringing humans to the ideal future. Not so long ago, Microsoft published a new version of Productivity Future Vision video, showing what kind of human life five to ten years ahead.

One of the most prominent factors there is how augmented reality becomes its foundation. AR provides a very high level of interactivity. He is useful in exploration and research, education, news and information publications, expert talent, health, presentation and others. Microsoft also pointed out that while the usage and device types are different, each device and individual can connect to each other and affect one another.

With these future technologies, we can collaborate more optimally, either directly or in separate distances. Advanced devices will support your activities intelligently and intuitively: tailor schedules and prepare materials through simple body gestures. Feedback and updates from others will also be easier until. Everything is smarter, faster, and more accurate.

This freedom is sure to open up a wide path for creativity. The idea is easier to collect, and the process of delivery and realization is easier. Imagine if voice, gesture, ink and gaze can be put together. Creative power will be very productive. And of course not the future without high mobility: information can be presented in any medium, then we can interact with each other anywhere, anytime.

Everything you see above is just a concept, however they are very interesting. From that video, what about your favorite technology?

IPO Hardball!

May 23, 2020

This last week, buyers were back. On Tuesday, the Nasdaq had its biggest one-day point gain, 254 points. For the week, there was positive gain. Even the Queen of the Net, Mary Meeker, has proclaimed that the worst is over. Let’s hope so.

Shortened due to Good Friday, last week most investors could have gotten all the IPO stock they wanted at the IPO price. Here are last week’s IPOs, ranked by % change from the IPO price.

Embarcadero Tech, +60% to $16 from IPO price The San Francisco-based Embarcadero Technologies (EMBT) got the best reception. They lowered their initial price to $10 to raise $42 million. In the immediate aftermarket EMBT traded at $10 3/8, then moved up to close at $16.

Embarcadero Technologies helps companies with their enterprise and e-commerce databases. Its primary product, DBArtisan, works across multiple operating and hardware systems. Customers includ GTE, AT&T Wireless Services, Bank of America, and Universal Studios.

The lead underwriter was Donaldson, Lufkin & Jenrette.

360networks, +36% to $19 from IPO price On Thursday, 360networks (TSIX), a fiber-optic network builder, priced their IPO at $14, which was under the proposed $16 to $18 range. This was a shrewd move as 360networks rose 36% to 19 by the end of trading. In the New Net reality, such a rate of return is consider very good.

360networks is quite the fiber-optic builder. They project that by the end of 2001, their overall network will be approximately 56,300 route miles, mainly in North America and Europe. They are also building two fully protected undersea cables. One is a 7,600 route mile cable between America and Europe, and the other, a 14,000 route mile cable between South America and North America. Seems like there is lots of this cable already – but investors nonetheless are interested.

The co-Lead Managers were Goldman, Sachs and Donaldson, and Lufkin & Jenrette.

QS Communcations, +16% to $28 1/8 from the offering price QS Communications (QSCG) gave it a try on Wednesday. QS Communications rose 26 percent to 30 1/8 from its opening of $24.64. It was down to 28 ½ on Thursday.

QS Communications is a German provider of high-speed DSL Internet access for small and midsized businesses in Germany. QSC is constructing a network linking 40 German major cities. They project that by next year, they will serve over 20 million customers with full broadband service nation-wide.

The lead underwriter was Morgan Stanley Dean Witter.

Packard Biosciences, +1/8 to $9 1/8
Packard Biosciences (PBSC) priced at $9 Wednesday evening for Thursday trading.
The original filing price range was 16 to 18, so PBSC effectively cut in half its hoped-for IPO price.

Based in Meriden, CT, Packard Biosciences has a split personality, with 60% of its business life sciences research instrumentation and 40% in nuclear industry instrumentation.

Merrill Lynch was the lead underwriter

Rockford Corp, no change at $11
Rockford Corp (ROFO) priced Wednesday evening at $11, the bottom of its price range, for trading on Thursday and closed unchanged at $11.

Based in Tempe, Arizona Rockford designs, manufactures and distributes high-performance aftermarket car audio systems. ROFO is profitable, although on a quarter-to-quarter based sales and profits are declining.

Dain Rauscher was the lead underwriter.

PEC Solutions, -4% from IPO price to $9
PEC Solutions (PECS) just was not buff enough. Facing little investor interest, it had dropped its opening price. It wasn’t enough. It opened at 9 ½ and staggered to 9 by the end of the trading.

The Fairfax, Va., PEC Solutions provides Internet and security technology services mainly to government, often building their applications from the ground up, as well as integrating with legacy systems. They provide encryption programs to protect sensitive information, including biometric authentication, a process that identifies people by their physical characteristics. Definitely cool stuff. But it was not what investors wanted.

Donaldson, Lufkin & Jenrette was the lead underwriter.

Of the 19 companies ranked Sunday 4/16 by Gaskins IPO Desktop, five of the top six successfully completed IPOs last week. The six successful companies, discussed above, are identified with an asterisk (*) before their name (below).
The rest were rescheduled, postponed or withdrawn.

Pre-IPOs ranked by Price-to-Earnings (Loss) ratios
Posted Sunday 4/16 by Gaskins IPO Desktop Recent qtr’s
IPO Price
(Mrkt Cap
to Profit
/ qtr profit
(Loss) Ratio
‘*’ = successful IPO the week of 4/17
LowerPrice/Earnings ratio is better
Four profitable companies 
*Rockford (ROFO)
Qualstar (QBAK)
*Embarcadero (EMBT)
*Pec Solutions (PECS)
One breakeven company
*Packard Bio (PBSC)
14 unprofitable companies
Lower ratio of Market Cap to Loss Rate (Price/Loss ) is better
…for example -149 is lower & better than -6
*360networks (TSIX)
ParadigmGen (PDGM)
Software Tech (STCS)
BirchTelecom (BRCH)
Virologic Inc (VLGC)
Digitalwork (DWRK)
-19 (NTJ)
Yupi Internet (YUPI)
Coolsavings (CSAV)
Inventa Tech (INVA)
Crown Media (CRWN)
Genomic Slns (GNSL)
OneSoft Corp (ONSF)
-7 (TCHS)
*excl non-cash chrg
Two non-edgar filings
Camtek (CAMT)
non-Edgar filing
*Qs Comm (QSCG)
non-Edgar filing
‘*’ = successful IPO the week of 4/17
IPO Price to profit (loss) ratio = Market Cap / most recent quarter’s profit (loss) * 4
Business Model Rating Criteria…
A = high growth market, potential leader; B = more competitive market;
C = ‘public venture capital’

OpenTable ‘over the top’

May 10, 2020

OpenTable (OPEN)
+60% close = at this stage ‘over the top’
. IPO Priced at $20
. 54% more than the original range mid-point of last week
. raised $60mm
. trading Thursday, May 21
. Current price OPEN

IPO report updated with 1st day’s close IPO report

> either the below or it’s such a small offering ($60mm) that the trading is/could be about over enthusiastic ‘diner-investors’ getting nailed by funds who are bailing out of the IPO.
Or perhaps
> It’s about defining & leading a growing market in the US at least, and about recurring revenue. On a comparative basis (CRM) is the best-known recurring revenue high multiple Internet model. It’s a mature company with a trailing 12 months P/E of 113 or so.

but OPEN is defining a growing emerging market, has no apparent competitors that are at the same scale at least in the US, and has constructed some formidable entry barriers to competition such as 10,000 restaurant clients & 3mm reservations for the March 09 quarter.

And once the economy levels & and starts to grow, then OPEN’s growth rate should pick up. In climate of very visible restaurant closings, it’s surprising that OPEN generated a 5 quarters of sequential growth in top line revenue.

What happened here is they picked up market share and may have emerged as the major leader to whomever is second in their marketplace.

Investors are very much attracted to the recurring top line revenue growth generated by OpenTable. Recurring revenues are like the IPO ‘mother lode’ or ‘holy grail’ sought after by investors.


Recurring reservation revenues increased to 43% of revenue for the March quarter, up from 41% in the December quarter — during a time of many restaurant closings, suggesting that OPEN’s client base is includes mostly established, healthy restaurants.


In spite of the economic distress of the past year, OPEN has generated nice sequential growth in top line revenue for each of the past five quarters.



May 5, 2020

The Start Menu is one aspect that has improved in the Windows 10 operating system. Windows 10 will display a Start Menu that adjusts to the device running the operating system.

This article is intended to introduce the new Windows 10 interface for Tablets, which also applies to Desktops. Windows 10 has not been released to the public, but those who have signed up for special programs can get it, and the version used for this article is Windows 10 technical preview 10074.

This is a new feature that is very useful in Windows 10. Virtual desktop allows users to add several new desktops, and can easily add several new windows on a new desktop that has been added. That way, user productivity will increase. This article will explain the functions of virtual desktops, and things that can make it easier for you to use them.

Get to know Task View

Virtual desktop can be seen in Task View. Press the Task View button in the taskbar. By default, the button is next to Cortana.

This is like the Windows + Tab Logo feature that was previously found in Windows 8.1 and earlier versions of Windows; but has more functions with virtual desktops. Of course, you can also use the button as a shortcut key to open Task View faster.

Initially, you will see a thumbnail of each window that is being used.

Add a new virtual desktop

To add a new virtual desktop, just click “New desktop”.

Then select the thumbnail of the new virtual desktop to open it.

To delete a desktop, simply click the “X” Close button on its thumbnail, then automatically, the windows that are currently open on the deleted virtual desktop will immediately move to the desktop that is still available.

Manage Windows between Virtual Desktops

Still in Task View. Here there are thumbnails of all windows of all available virtual desktops. Users can see the desired window by clicking on the thumbnail. In addition, using the keyboard (Windows Logo + Tab & Arrow) can speed up access.

To view windows on another desktop, just click the next desktop thumbnail, sorted by number.

For faster access, use Alt + Tab. This method has been around for a long time. When pressing both together, release your pressure on the Tab without taking Alt off. Then press Tab again to hover the thumbnail you want. When you release pressure on both, the selected window will open. But this method is only for desktop that is being used.

Users can also move windows to other desktops in a fast way, by pressing and holding the thumbnail of the window that you want to move, then sliding it and releasing it on the desired desktop thumbnail. This method is done when Task View opens.

In addition to holding down, the user can also move the window to another desktop by right-clicking on the thumbnail: Move to> (desired desktop) or “New desktop” to move it to the new desktop to be created. This method might be very useful for users who often use a lot of virtual desktops.

Shortcuts with keyboard and swiping with keyboard

  • Add a new virtual desktop: Windows Logo + Ctrl + D
  • Switch desktop to previous desktop: Windows Logo + Ctrl + Left Arrow
  • Switch desktop to the next desktop: Windows Logo + Ctrl + Right Arrow
  • Close the virtual desktop currently in use: Windows logo + Ctrl + F4
  • Open Taskview: Windows Logo + Tab

With swiping

In addition to using a combination of two or more keyboards as shortcuts, there are several shortcuts for faster and easier use of virtual desktops. The trick is to use a touchpad, which is swipe.

Swipe can be done using the touchpad on a laptop. The swipe function on the touchpad certainly requires more than one finger gesture. For this reason, this swipe method requires a dual-gesture touchpad and a touchpad type on it. Not all laptops have a touchpad with gestures that support more than one finger.

Open Task View: Press the touchpad with three fingers then swipe up.
Closing Task View: Press the touchpad with three fingers then swipe down.
Swapping open windows (like Alt + Tab): Press the touchpad with three fingers then swipe left or right.

IPO Year In Review: Mkt Disappoints Despite Strong 4Q

May 2, 2020

IPO Year In Review: Mkt Disappoints Despite Strong 4Q
By Brian Coyle

WASHINGTON (Dow Jones), Jan 3 –The U.S. initial public offeringaftermarket closed out 2001 with a bang, as 32 offerings were priced in the fourthquarter, raising $11.06 billion.

This compares with 50 IPOs priced in the fourth quarter of 2000, raising $5.31 billion, according to Thomson Financial.

After closing out 2001 on a positive note, the potential IPOaftermarket for 2002 looks healthy, as spin-offs from establishedcompanies such as Verizon Communication’s (VZ) wireless unit, Citigroup Inc.’s(C) Travelers Property Casualty Corp. and Continental Airlines Inc.’s (CAL)ExpressJet Holdings Inc. prepare to come to market.

While the fourth quarter finished up with solid results, theoverall IPO market in 2001 was a disappointment. For the year, 98 IPOs werepriced, raising an estimated $36.05 billion in proceeds, according to ThomsonFinancial. For 2000, 384 IPOs came to market, raising roughly $58.89 billion.

Overall results for 2001 were down significantly from the pastfew years. IPOs in 2001 checked in with the lowest year for proceeds since1995, when 574 IPOs raised $32.6 billion. The year also marked the firsttime there weren’t at least a hundred IPOs in a year since 1979, when 62IPOs were priced.

In 2001, no IPO doubled its offering price in its first day oftrading. The nearest in 2001 was Simplex Solutions Inc. (SPLX), whichmakes software for integrated circuits, which rose 77% in early May. Theyear marked the first time since 1995, that there wasn’t a first-day doublefor an IPO, according to Thomson Financial.

Technology issues are expected to regain some momentum in 2002
after finishing up with solid returns at the end of 2001.

Francis Gaskins, Editor of, said he believes the
market is back on track for a “normal IPO market” in 2002, with neither
the “excesses of the bubble nor the doldrums that followed.”

Gaskins also noted that “some companies are whizzing through
the IPO process in less than 60 days, so the backlog of IPOs is less of an
indicator of future activity than it once was when companies spent more time in
the pipeline.”

There are 31 IPOs on backlog for 2002, seeking to raise an estimated $8.2 billion
in proceeds, according data from Dealogic CommScan. This compares with 154
IPOs that were waiting to go public at the beginning of 2001. Of the 154 IPOs
planned for 2001, only 91 made it to market last year amid turbulent market conditions.

In mid-January, look for several health-related issues to kick-off aftermarket
pricing as Alliance Medical Corp. and Ribapharm Inc. plan to sell their initial shares.

Alliance Medical plans to sell 4 million shares at $14 to $16 a
share, while Ribapharm plans to offer 18 million shares at $13 to $15 a
share. Both deals will be done through lead underwriter UBS Warburg.

After a somewhat lackluster year for IPOs in 2000, the market
for new company listings in 2001 once again mirrored the overall stock
market’s poor performance.

For the year, the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) dropped
7% to close at 10021.50, marking the second consecutive year in which the
indicator fell. In 2000, the DJIA gave up 6.2%, compared with gains of 25% in
1999 and 16% in 1998.

Other stock market barometers also recorded significant losses
in 2001, with the tech-laden Nasdaq Composite Index falling 21% to close
at 1951.02, after plummeting more than 39% in 2000. The Standard & Poor’s
500 Stock Index declined 13% to close at 1148.16 for 2001.

IPOs Rebound In 4th Quarter
Despite lackluster performance in the IPO aftermarket throughout the year,
the fourth quarter finished up strongly, with several large offerings.

The year-end resurgence in offerings came as the IPO market had a
revival in performance in the wake of the September 11 terrorist attacks.

The September 11 attacks, combined with unpredictable market
conditions, caused a more than month-long drought in IPO pricings, the
longest such period in the last 25 years. When the IPO market returned
in October, however, the offerings began to outperform those deals priced
before September 11.

Prudential Financial Inc. (PRU) checked in with the largest
offering of the fourth quarter and the third-largest of the year, raising more
than $3 billion in proceeds through Goldman Sachs & Co. and Prudential Securities.

Other significant offerings in the fourth quarter included
insurance company Principal Financial Group Inc. (PFG), which raised $1.85
billion, reinsurance company Converium Holding AG (CHR), which raised $1.84
billion, and managed care provider Anthem Inc. (ATH), which raised $1.73 billion.